A Portrait of a Whistleblower in Europe

Whistleblowers have various motivations and roles. Mostly they are researchers who suffer from the consequences of research integrity violations, but this is not always the case.

Sanna-Kaisa Spoof

Since 2017, the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity has recommended that those involved in research misconduct investigations must be protected.  As the code states,

  • Procedures are conducted confidentially to protect those involved in the investigation, and
  • Institutions protect the rights of ‘whistleblowers’ during investigations and ensure that their career prospects are not endangered.
Continue reading “A Portrait of a Whistleblower in Europe”